AMES — Proper backyard affliction in abatement helps ensure an attractive, advantageous backyard aing season. Iowa State University Extension and Outreach horticulturists allotment tips on abatement backyard affliction practices, including authoritative broadleaf weeds, mowing, agriculture and aerating. To accept added questions answered, acquaintance the agronomics hotline at [email protected] or alarm (515) 294-3108.
When is the best time to administer a broadleaf herbicide to the lawn?
Fall (late September to aboriginal November) is the best time to ascendancy abiding broadleaf weeds in the backyard with broadleaf herbicides. In fall, abiding broadleaf weeds are alteration aliment (carbohydrates) from their foliage to their roots in alertness for winter. Broadleaf herbicides activated in abatement will be captivated by the broadleaf weed’s foliage and transported to the roots forth with the carbohydrates, consistent in the aition of the broadleaf weeds.
Effective broadleaf herbicides accommodate 2,4-D, MCPP, dicamba, triclopyr and others. The best able broadleaf herbicide articles usually accommodate a admixture of two or three herbicides, as no distinct admixture controls all broadleaf weeds. Broadleaf herbicides can be activated as sprays or granules. (Sprays are about added able than diminutive articles in authoritative broadleaf weeds.) Before applying any herbicide, anxiously apprehend and chase characterization directions.
How continued should I abide to mow the lawn?
Continue to mow the backyard until the grass stops growing in fall. The foliage of Kentucky bluegrass and added cool-season grasses usually stops growing in backward October or aboriginal November in Iowa. Mow Kentucky bluegrass lawns at a acme of 2½ to 3 inches in fall. Back mowing the lawn, never aish added than one-third of the absolute blade breadth at any one time. Accordingly, a backyard actuality mowed at a acme of 3 inches should be cut back it alcove a acme of 4½ inches.
When should I beget the lawn?
Mid-September and backward October/early November (after the grass has chock-full growing) are accomplished times to beget Kentucky bluegrass lawns in Iowa. Mid-September fertilization helps the grass balance from demanding summer weather. An appliance of fertilizer in backward October/early November promotes basis advance and aboriginal green-up aing spring. Administer no added than 1 batter of nitrogen per 1,000 aboveboard anxiety in a distinct application. Lawns additionally can be fertilized in bounce (April to mid-May).
When should I aerate the lawn?
Early September is an accomplished time to aerate lawns growing in heavy, adobe soils and those accountable to abundant bottom traffic. Aeration relieves clay compaction, improves baptize and comestible movement in the soil, and prevents beard accumulation.
Aerate lawns with a amount aerator. Amount aerators accept alveolate metal tubes or tines that aish plugs of soil. Aish clay cores that are about three-fourths of an inch in bore and 3 inches in length. Back completed, appropriately aerated lawns should accept 20 to 40 holes per aboveboard foot. This usually requires several passes of the amount aerator. Lawns additionally can be aerated in April or aboriginal May.
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