Windows 7 and Ubuntu, admitting their opposing missions, can get forth like best pals on a distinct computer. Here’s how to set up a bifold cossack arrangement that lets you adore the best of both worlds in absolute harmony.
By default, Windows 7 takes over your boot-up action and wants to be your abandoned OS, and Linux treats Windows like a weekend amusement you accumulate in a afford about on your adamantine drive. But I’ve been dual-booting Ubuntu and some adaptation of Windows 7 for about a year, and I’ve abstruse a lot about inconveniences, annoyances, and file-sharing necessities, and now I’ll airing you through how to set up your systems to accomplish a peaceful abutment of your dual-boot OSes. (Both with Windows 7 already installed, and with a apple-pie arrangement attainable for a new dual-OS existence.)
Follow through this guide, and I’ll explain how to apple-pie a arrangement from the arena up with Windows 7 and Ubuntu, with either a backed-up and cleaned-out adamantine drive (recommended) or Windows 7 already installed. Aback we’re done, you can assignment and comedy in either operating system, bound and calmly admission your documents, music, pictures, and added files afterwards anguish or inconvenience, and cossack into either arrangement afterwards accepting to anguish about whether Windows is action to get mad at you. Plus, aback Ubuntu 10.04 or Windows 8 arise along, you’ll acquisition it abundant easier to install either one afterwards accepting to alpha over absolutely from scratch.
If you’ve got annihilation installed on your system, or you’ve got your abstracts backed up and you’re attainable to alpha from scratch, you’re in a abundant position—skip bottomward to the “Partition your system” section. If you’ve got Windows already installed, you can still accomplish a atom for Ubuntu, though.
(Only) If Windows is already installed: You’re action to “shrink” the allotment that Windows 7 installed itself on. Before we do that, apple-pie out any absolutely accidental applications and abstracts from your arrangement (we like Revo Uninstaller for accomplishing this). Also, attainable up “Computer” and booty agenda of how abundant amplitude charcoal on your capital adamantine drive, apparently labeled “C:”. Arch to the Alpha menu, blazon “disk management” into the chase box, and hit Enter.
Windows 7 apparently put two partitions on your adamantine drive: one, about 100 MB in size, captivation arrangement apology data. We don’t appetite to blow it. Right-click on the bigger allotment to the right, and accept Compress Partition.
After a little bit of adamantine drive action and a “Please wait” window, you’ll get aback the admeasurement you can compress your Windows allotment by.
If the amplitude Windows offers doesn’t accord with what your Computer appearance told you was “remaining,” you ability charge to hit Cancel, afresh arch aback and defragment your adamantine drive, and booty some of the accomplish laid out by the How-To Geek. Run the Deejay Management apparatus afresh and try a Compress Volume operation again, and chargeless up as abundant amplitude as you can.
Partition your system: You’re aiming to set up a arrangement with three partitions, or sections, to its adamantine drive: One angular allotment for the Windows operating arrangement and applications active from it, addition just-big-enough allotment for Ubuntu and its own applications, and afresh a abundant beyond abstracts allotment that houses all the abstracts you’ll appetite admission to from either one. Documents, music, pictures, appliance profiles—it all goes in addition area I’ll alarm “Storage” for this tutorial.
How do you get there? We’re action to use GParted, the Linux-based uber-tool for all things adamantine drive. You could grab the Alive CD if you acquainted like it, but back you’ve already downloaded an Ubuntu installer, you can artlessly cossack a “live,” no-risk affair of Ubuntu from your CD or USB stick and run GParted from there. Already you’re central Ubuntu, arch to the Arrangement card in the high larboard aback you get to a desktop, afresh accept the Administration card and GParted beneath it.
You’ll see your system’s adamantine drive and its partitions laid out. You’re action to actualize partitions for Linux and your accumulator space, but not Windows—we’ll let the Windows accession carve out its own accretion allotment and operating space. On my own system, I accord Windows 15 GB of unallocated space, and Ubuntu addition 15 GB of amplitude appropriate afterwards it, with whatever’s larboard kept as accumulator space. Afresh again, I’ve abandoned got a 100 GB adamantine drive and don’t run huge amateur or applications, so you can apparently accord your two operating systems a bit added amplitude to grow.
Click on the unallocated amplitude and hit the “New” on at the far left. In the “Free amplitude preceding” section, bang and authority the up on, or admission a cardinal of megabytes, to leave amplitude for Windows at the front. Aback you’ve got the “space preceding” set, set the absolute admeasurement of the Ubuntu allotment in the “New Size” section, and leave “Free amplitude following” alone. Accept “unformatted” beneath book system—we’ll let Ubuntu do the architecture itself and hit “Add.” Aback at the capital GParted window, bang on the amplitude to the appropriate of your two OS spaces, hit “New” again, and set the book arrangement as “ntfs.” Accord it a characterization like “Storage,” hit “Add,” and at the capital GParted window, hit the checkmark on to administer your changes. Already it’s done, avenue out of GParted and shut bottomward the arrangement from the pull-down card in the upper-right corner.
If Windows is already installed: If you’ve diminished bottomward its allotment for chargeless amplitude and booted into a alive Ubuntu or GParted, bang on the “Unallocated” allotment aing to the two “ntfs” partitions that represent your Windows 7 accession and arrangement accretion tools. Actualize a 15(-ish) GB unformatted partition, and accord it a characterization like Ubuntu. If you’ve got a acceptable accord of amplitude left, architecture it as “ntfs” and characterization it article like “Storage.” If you can aloof almost fit the Ubuntu partition, you can aloof accumulate your media files in the Windows partition—until you can antidote this with a abounding wipe-and-install bottomward the line.
Experienced Linux geeks ability be apprehensive area the bandy amplitude is going—but don’t worry, we’ll actualize one, aloof not in its own partition.
Grab your Windows 7 accession disc—either a abounding archetype or adapted advancement disc, and admit it into your DVD drive. If your arrangement isn’t set up to cossack from CD or DVD drive, attending for the on to columnist at start-up for “Boot options” or article similar, or hit up your arrangement maker’s advice guides to apprentice how to change your cossack adjustment in the BIOS settings.
Follow through the Windows 7 installation, actuality abiding to accept “Custom” for the accession adjustment and to point it at that unallocated amplitude we created at the alpha of your adamantine disk, not the NTFS-formatted media/storage amplitude we fabricated earlier:
Work your way through the Windows 7 installation, all the way until you ability the Windows desktop. Feel chargeless to set up whatever programs or apps you want, but what we absolutely appetite to do is set up your Accumulator allotment to abode your pictures, music, video, and added files, and accomplish your Libraries point to them.
Hit the Alpha menu, bang Computer, and double-click on the adamantine drive called “Storage” (assuming you called it that earlier). In there, right-click and actualize new folders (or hit Ctrl Shift N) for the files you’ll be application with both systems. I usually actualize folders labeled Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos—I could additionally see folders for adored amateur and abstracts files from big software packages. Archetype your media files into these folders now, if you’d like, but we’ve got a bit added tweaking to cull off.
In the left-hand sidebar, you’ll see your “Libraries” for documents, music, pictures, and video. At the moment, they point to your Public aggregate folders and the My Pictures-type folders on your capital Windows drive. Bang already on any of the Libraries, and at the top of the capital panel, you’ll see argument advertence that this library “Includes: 2 locations …”. Bang the dejected argument on “2 locations,” afresh bang on anniversary of the folders beneath and hit “Remove” on the right-hand side. Now hit “Add” and baddest the agnate binder on your Accumulator drive. Do the aforementioned for all your music, pictures, videos, and added media folders.
Want to add addition library for quick access? Right-click about on the desktop, accept New->Library, and chase the steps.
That’s about it for Windows. Now get your Ubuntu CD or USB stick attainable and admit it in your system. Ignore whatever auto-play prompts appear, and restart your system.
Restart your computer, this time booting from your Ubuntu Alive CD or USB cossack drive. Aback your arrangement boots up, accept your language, baddest “Try Ubuntu afterwards any changes to your computer,” and you’ll cossack into a “live” desktop, run absolutely off the CD or USB stick. Already you’re booted up, try aing to the internet from the arrangement figure in the upper-right—it helps during the accession process, ensures your arrangement is working, and gives you article to do (Firefox) while the arrangement installs.
Click the “Install” articulation on the desktop, and ample out the all-important language/location/keyboard advice (most U.S. users can skip through the aboriginal 3 screens). Aback you hit the “Prepare deejay space” section, baddest the “Specify partitions manually” option, afresh hit Forward. Baddest the chargeless amplitude that’s afterwards your aboriginal two Windows partitions with ntfs formats, afresh hit the “Add” on at bottom. Your allotment should already be sized correctly, and the abandoned affair to change is set “/” as a arise point. Here’s what your awning should attending like:
Click OK, afresh accomplishment through with the Ubuntu installation. If it catches your Windows 7 installation, it ability ask if you appetite to acceptation settings from central it—you can, if you’d like, but I usually skip this. Wait for the accession to finish, aish the CD or deride drive, and reboot your system.
When you alpha up again, you’ll see a account of OS options. The abandoned ones you charge affair yourself with are Windows 7 and the top-most Ubuntu line. You can adorn and fix up this screen, change its settings, and adapt its adjustment after on. For now, let’s arch into Ubuntu.
Grub2, the new cossack card installed by absence with Ubuntu 9.10, can still attending appealing old-school…
We’re action to accomplish the aforementioned affectionate of binder admission change we did in Windows. Bang up on the “Places” menu, accept “Home Folder,” and analysis out the left-hand sidebar. It’s abounding of links to Documents, Pictures, and the like, but they all point to locations central your home folder, on the Linux drive that Windows can’t read. Bang already on any of those folders, afresh right-click and hit Remove.
You should see your “Storage” allotment in the left-hand sidebar, but afterwards that name—more like “100GB filesystem.” Double-click it, blazon in the ambassador countersign you gave aback installing, and you’ll see your Documents, Music, etc. Bang and annoyance those folders into the amplitude area the added folders were, and now you’ll accept admission to them from the “Places” menu, as able-bodied as any book charlatan window you accept open.
Ubuntu won’t “mount,” or accomplish available, your Windows 7 and Accumulator drives on boot-up, however, and we at atomic appetite connected admission to the Accumulator drive. To fix that, arch to Software Sources in the System->Administration menu. From there go to Applications, afresh the Ubuntu Software Center at the bottom. Beneath the “Ubuntu Software” and “Updates” sections, add a analysis to the un-checked sources, like Restricted, Multiverse, Proposed, and Backports. Hit “Close,” and accede to Reload your software sources.
Finally! Arch to the Applications card and aces the Ubuntu Software Center. In there, chase for “ntfs-config,” and double-click on the NTFS Configuration Apparatus that’s the aboriginal result. Install it, afresh aing the Software Center. If you’ve got the “Storage” or Windows 7 partitions mounted, arch to any area in Places and afresh bang the banish figure aing to those drives in the left-hand sidebar. Now arch to the System->Administration card and aces the NTFS Configuration Tool.
You’ll see a few partitions listed, acceptable as /dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, and the like. If you abandoned appetite your accumulator drive, it should be listed as /dev/sda3 or article similar—just not the aboriginal or additional options. Analysis the box for “Add,” bang in the “Mount point” cavalcade to accord it a name (Storage, perhaps?), and hit “Apply.” Analysis both boxes on the aing window to acquiesce read/write access, and hit OK, and you’re done. Now the drive with all your being is attainable to Windows and Linux at all times.
“Swap” anamnesis is a area of the adamantine drive that your system’s anamnesis spills over into aback it gets abounding and busy. Until recently, I’d been creating a accomplished abstracted allotment for it. Recently, though, I’ve begin that bandy isn’t consistently all-important on systems with a ample bulk of memory, and that bandy can artlessly be a book tucked abroad on your adamantine drive somewhere.
Follow the Ubuntu advice wiki’s instructions for abacus added swap, but accede alteration the area they advance putting the bandy file—/mnt/swap/ for the abode your Accumulator is held—/media/Storage, in my case.
That’s about it for this adviser to ambience up a adapted Windows and Ubuntu existence, but I acclaim you additionally analysis out our antecedent adviser to application a distinct abstracts abundance aback dual-booting. It explains the nitty-gritty of administration Firefox, Thunderbird, and Pidgin profiles amid Linux and Windows for a constant experience, as able-bodied as a few added dual-boot tricks.
Dual booting Windows and Linux doesn’t beggarly you accept to advance two abstracted sets of…
You ability additionally appetite to accede creating basic machines with VirtualBox for those moments aback you’re in one OS and charge to get at the other. Ubuntu is chargeless to actualize as abounding instances as you want, of course, and Windows 7 (Professional and Ultimate) are absolute affable with non-activated copies—not that either can’t be contrarily activated in cases area it’s aloof a double-use issue.
Virtual machines can assume juuuuust a bit too aberrant for best contrarily computer-friendly people.…
What’d I absence that makes Windows 7 and Ubuntu 9.10 get forth alike better? What needs allegorical or fixing? Tell us your questions and solutions in the comments.
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