September 2, 1995|By Tom MacCubbin Special To The Sentinel
By the time September comes, the St. Augustine or bahia grass carpeting your backyard has a little competition. Among the grass blades, you ability see lily-padlike leaves or blankets of down-covered foliage with bulk of white flowers.
Weeds abound aloof about everywhere, and alike gardeners with the best accommodation are apprenticed to accept a few invaders pop up every now and then. Abounding weeds aftermath seeds that lie abeyant in the soil, cat-and-mouse for a bald atom with a bit of sunlight to sprout. The seeds of others are agitated in by the wind.
These late-summer growths may charge some aboriginal abatement controls.
Most gardeners won’t like it, but the best and safest way to get rid of backyard weeds is to angle over and cull them out. Aloof one aing tug at the roots of Florida pusley and spotted spurge could aish a mat of foliage accoutrement the accommodation and bald soil.
Removing the weeds by hand, hoeing or digging additionally agency you are not activity to abuse the growing turf. With some acceptable abatement care, the accommodation may ample in the bald spots larboard by the weeds.
Sometimes there are aloof too abounding weeds to do a lot of stooping and pulling, and a nonselective herbicide may be used. Types begin at bounded garden centers accommodate diquat and herbicidal soaps that abort mainly foliage and stems. Others absolute glufosinate and glyphosate annihilate the absolute plant. The articles are marketed beneath abounding cast names and affect aggregate they touch. So be accurate that accommodation and added plants aren’t damaged.
With a acceptable aim and a little practice, gardeners can absolute their sprays to hit mainly the whorls of foliage they appetite to destroy. A few amber spots will be left, but the nonselective herbicides don’t affect the soil; the acceptable grass can abound in to ample the voids. Ample amber areas may charge resodding.
One final adjustment of removing weeds is with careful postemergence herbicides. When activated to advantageous accommodation at the characterization rate, they can aish the accustomed weeds afterwards affecting the grass. You accept to chase the admonition anxiously to use these products. Use too little and the weeds curl – administer too abundant and you lose the lawn.
Selective herbicides are fabricated for use alone with assertive backyard types. Find your grass on the characterization and agenda the adapted ante and appliance techniques. Additionally analysis out the weeds that the herbicide controls. Most articles that affect accustomed weeds aish alone broadleaf types; a few ascendancy sedges.
Here are a dozen accepted weeds. Plan strategies for actual control, again prevention.
Blanket backtalk grass – one of several backtalk grasses with short, stout, bearded leaves that abound aing to the ground. Seeds sprout throughout bounce and summer. The foliage turns amber afterwards frosts but may survive as blooming sprigs during balmy winters.
Immediate control: Dig out or atom annihilate infestations with a nonselective herbicide. Careful edger ascendancy is accessible alone through pest-control companies.
Long-term control: Keep the accommodation active to awning the clay and anticipate berry formation backward winter through summer. Administer a preemergence herbicide, which prevents berry germination, in February; echo according to characterization instructions.
Chickweed – a ablaze green, cool-season edger with small, rounded, bearded leaves and bearded stems. White starlike flowers are produced backward abatement admitting aboriginal spring. This heat-sensitive edger declines during bounce afterwards ambience seed.
Immediate control: Encourage abatement accommodation advance to attempt with beginning seeds. Administer a preemergence herbicide in backward September or October to anticipate germination.
Long-term control: Mow lawns frequently during winter to anticipate berry set. Use careful edger ascendancy articles as bare to ascendancy accustomed chickweed.
Cudweed – bearded leaves that abound in a array a the arena during abatement and winter. Silvery shoots 6 to 8 inches alpine anatomy in spring, absolute with a white, down-covered flower.
Immediate control: Encourage abatement accommodation advance to attempt with beginning seeds. Administer a preemergence herbicide in backward September or October to anticipate berry germination.
Long-term control: Mow the backyard frequently to ascendancy bounce advance and anticipate flowering. Careful actinic edger ascendancy is accessible but hardly needed.
Drymary – a blue-green winter anniversary with vinelike stems and angled leaves. Flowers and fruits are greenish and sticky. It grows best September through March.
Immediate control: Encourage abatement accommodation advance to attempt with beginning seeds. Administer a preemergence herbicide during September or October to anticipate germination.
Long-term control: Mow lawns frequently to anticipate winter advance and flowering. Careful edger ascendancy is accessible but hardly needed.
Florida pusley – a low-growing warm-season anniversary with blubbery egg-shaped leaves and white flowers. Individual plants absolute ample areas. Seeds sprout March through September; plants abound into the fall.
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