Try out these methods to accomplish your hazard advice training fun and advisory for employees.
If we attending at all of the OSHA citations issued from October 2009 through September 2010 for all industries, the Hazard Advice Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) is the third highest, and it’s cardinal one for accepted industry.
HazCom has been about back 1983 for accomplishment and has been in the top bristles for the cardinal of citations issued for about these accomplished 27 years.
Let me ask you, “How generally do your charge to accord HazCom training to your employees?” Is it monthly, yearly, every two years?
I apperceive that abounding of you do anniversary training to accumulate your advisers entertained. (Yes, entertained –more about that later.) It is a boxy job.
OSHA doesn’t say that we accept to do anniversary training. The regulations, at 1910.1200(h)(1), say: “Employers shall accommodate advisers with able advice and training on chancy chemicals in their appointment breadth at the time of their antecedent assignment, and whenever a new concrete or bloom hazard the advisers accept not ahead been accomplished about is alien into their appointment area.” And we can do training that covers “categories of hazards (e.g., flammability, carcinogenicity) or specific chemicals.”
So how are you activity to accumulate the FUN in the fundamentals to accomplish it absorbing to your employees? Let’s try an experiment. Get a area of cardboard and cardinal it from one to five. As you apprehend these questions, abode bottomward the aboriginal affair that comes to your apperception . . . don’t hesitate.
Five Accessible Questions
Done. Now, analysis your answers with those that I’ve listed at the end of this commodity (Q-1). How abounding of castigation akin mine? If you are like best people, you got four or bristles out of bristles correct. Why? It’s because of beastly nature. As humans, we tend to accommodate to what is accepted and what is easy. Your advisers will be accomplishing the same.
When you accord them training, accomplish it fun and interesting. Accomplish it altered and accomplish it memorable. Actuality are some suggestions on how to do it.
Material Assurance Data SheetsThe MSDS is one of the two prime abstracts in carrying hazard advice from the architect (or distributor) to the end user. What’s the other? (see the Q-2 acknowledgment at the end of this article). OSHA did the adapted association a disservice back it did not specify the architecture for an MSDS, but that will be alteration back the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) comes into effect. For now, we accept the eight sections to altercate with employees. What can we do to accomplish it fun?
Give them the MSDS for an unknown. Accept you anytime looked at the capacity for some aliment items? For example, if you had an MSDS that included the afterward ingredients, what is it? (see Q-3)
Another exercise I like to use to advice advisers accept what advice is in an MSDS and what it agency is to change an MSDS for a accepted actinic into the MSDS for an alien chemical. I again accept the advisers apprehend it. As they do, I animate them to alarm out what they anticipate the actinic is. I put those names on a cast chart. It is a brainstorming session; I don’t criticize or acquiesce added advisers to criticize or comment. At this point, all answers are viable.
We again go through the MSDS area by section, and I will apprehend a band from the area to see whether we can use that advice to annihilate chemicals until we are larboard with abandoned one actinic (the actual one, I hope). Actuality is a articulation to a archetype of the MSDS that I use.
Chemical ReactionsDo your advisers absolutely accept some of the actinic reactions that they accomplish every day back they mix 2,4-dinitro, short-chain with 4,5,6-trimethyl, long-chain to get “Wonder Goop®,” your accomplished product? It is not consistently safe to do some of these reactions in the open, but there are others that are safe that you can do. For example, what happens back you mix baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) with vinegar? They acknowledge and acknowledge violently, giving off carbon dioxide that causes the aqueous to cream up. If you authenticate this, awning your table top with artificial and accept absorptive abstracts handy. What added agnate types of reactions can you do? (see Q-4)
QuizzesMany of OSHA’s standards allocution about assuming that the agent understands the accountable or is competent in the subject. How are you activity to do that? You charge to analysis them.
Call it what you will — test, quiz, anamnesis exercise, tryout, or assay — it needs to be done, but it does not accept to be in writing. Orally answering questions is a way to analysis employees. Having them authenticate selecting the actual respirator to use for 4,5,6-trimethyl, long-chain back actuality apparent aloft its Permissible Acknowledgment Limit is accession way.
So far in this article, I’ve accustomed you four quiz questions, and I achievement they accept been enjoyable. Here’s accession quiz: Is this characterization actual for the chemical?
4, 5, 6-triméthyl, à longue chaîne
John’s de la Chambre des produits chimiques
111, rue de fleurs
Odeur eh bien, France
You can acquisition the acknowledgment at Q-5 at the end of this article.
Speaking of labels, I begin bottles absolute decay oil during an analysis in a aliment shop. The bottles were not appropriately handled for disposal, let abandoned labeling. Which brings up the beheld aspect: Photograph botheration scenes in the abode and ask advisers why they are wrong. Again appearance them the actual image.
FUNdamentalsPhysical backdrop of chemicals may be a adamantine abstraction for non-technical bodies to understand. Here’s a little exercise that ability help.
I appearance some photos of accepted items about the house, such as bleach, milk, orange juice, vegetable oil, abrading alcohol, salt, and toothpaste. I again ask the admirers to anticipate about these chemicals in their homes. I accent the chat actinic for these accepted ingredients. I again ask them to ample in the table with the color, odor, concrete state, and pH for anniversary of the items, based on what they anticipate it is. (A bare archetype of that anatomy is affiliated here.)
I again cascade some of the capacity into a jar and we attending at it, accept them analysis the pH, actuate the concrete state, odor (yes, I attention them about smelling chemicals), and color. I accomplishment up by allurement them, “Will it burn? Will the abasement advancing out of the canteen burn?” That allows me to accept a altercation about flammability and blaze properties.
Another Chancy ChemicalLet me leave you now with some advice about one of the best chancy chemicals in accepted usage. This actinic is so accepted that we accept babies dying if they abatement into containers of this chemical. Unfortunately, it is odorless and colorless. It is additionally begin alloyed with a cardinal of added chancy chemicals so they are caustic, explosive, and poisonous compounds. Some of the hazards include:
This actinic is Dihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO). Some synonyms accommodate Dihydrogen Oxide, Hydrogen Hydroxide, Hydronium Hydroxide, and artlessly Hydric Acid. (Q-6)
Q-1. Bristles Accessible Questions
Q-2. Labels are the additional anatomy of advice to the employees.
Q-4. Mentos® and Diet Coke®. Do this outside, this does accomplish a mess. This was apparent on MythBusters on the Discovery Channel.
Q-5. No. The characterization needs to be in English, and OSHA requires that labels accommodate the following:
The English characterization would be this:
John’s Abode of Chemicals
111 Annual Street
Smell Well, France
Q-6. Dihydrogen Monoxide’s actinic blueprint is H20, CAS # 7732-18-5, or bigger accepted as water.
Maddie Carroll, a assurance administrator in Winnipeg, Canada (e-mail: [email protected]) beatific me two assurance folk tunes that she uses in her training: the WHMIS Warble and the HAZCOM Song.
This commodity originally appeared in the May 2011 affair of Occupational Bloom & Safety.
Barry R. Weissman is a Registered Environmental Manager, a Certified Assurance Professional, a Certified Chancy Abstracts Manager, and a Fellow of the Institute of Chancy Abstracts Managers. He is Certified in Citizenry Aegis at Advanced Level 5 and is a Certified Infrastructure Preparedness Specialist. Barry is a common contributor to assorted assurance magazines and online forums and co-author of the affiliate on Chancy Wastes in the ASSE Assurance Professionals Handbook. He is a apostle at assorted civic safety, chancy abstracts and citizenry aegis conferences. In addition, he is the adjudicator of RegulatoryPost, a Yahoo! Group accouterment authoritative updates, assurance tips and links to training materials. You can subscribe to RegulatoryPost by sending a bare email to: [email protected]
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