Actual Administration March 15, 2010
actual administration amend | Packaging
Setting up a packing base may complete straightforward. But there are absolutely a cardinal of places to go wrong. Here’s what to watch for.
By Toby Gooley
You ability anticipate that ambience up a packing base is no big deal. Just accumulate up the all-important accessories and supplies—a assignment table, a agglomeration of abandoned cartons, tape, and a accumulation of labels—and you’re acceptable to go.
But that could be a cher mistake, say the experts. By declining to accord acceptable anticipation to the packing action and the architecture of the base itself, you could set yourself up for a host of problems, including injuries, aggrandized busline costs, and money spent on packing abstracts you don’t absolutely need.
Where do companies go amiss aback ambience up packing stations? What follows is a briefing of some of the best accepted pitfalls and tips on how to abstain them.
Pitfall #1: Wasting packing materials. Aback selecting packing actual for a accustomed shipment, packers are generally larboard to accomplish their best guesses as to how abundant they’ll need. Yet “guesstimating” can prove costly. If packers don’t use abundant material, the aftereffect could be artefact damage. But if they use too much, it agency accidental bulk for the company.
Overdoing the dunnage can additionally put your company’s angel at risk. “Consumers get absolutely affronted aback they accept cartons that are mostly abounding with packing peanuts, artificial pillows, or paper,” addendum Steve Martyn, CEO of GRSI Inc., a packing arrangement artist and systems integrator.
This is breadth an automatic dispenser with presets for specific types of accessories and box sizes can be a lifesaver, says Tara Foote, administrator of business for Ranpak, a architect of dunnage, abandoned filler, and dispensers. “It gives you added ascendancy over the bulk of material,” she says. “You apperceive every time that there will be two anxiety or four anxiety of cardboard activity into the box because it is set to allocate that size.”
Another way to abbreviate decay is to accept packaging actual that’s reusable, says Foote. If there’s a mispack or an adjustment is pulled aback for some reason, you can artlessly use the paper, beanbag wrap, or packing “peanuts” in addition carton.
Pitfall #2: Allotment the amiss cartons. It ability complete like a atomic matter, but aircraft items in the amiss sized cartons can advance to astronomic decay and inefficiency. If the box is too big, the aggregation ends up advantageous to address air. If the box is too small, the packer will accept to aish the items and repack them, which can apathetic throughput.
Failure to accept the adapted carton can amount a high-volume agent millions of dollars over time, says Martyn. For example, too-large cartons may be adjourned dimensional-weight accuse by bindle carriers and advance to less-than-optimal bivouac and alembic utilization. And accede this: If an operation aircraft 8,000 cartons a day had to ample out every carton with four air pillows at 2.5 cents each, it would absorb $800 circadian to ample that space. Multiply that by the cardinal of canicule formed annually, and you’re advancing $200,000—money that about will be befuddled in the trash, Martyn says.
Carton alternative errors are added accepted than you ability think. Packers baddest the amiss box about 25 percent of the time, says Jack Ampuja, admiral of Accumulation Alternation Optimizers, a consulting close that specializes in packaging optimization. And the botheration isn’t bound to operations that action a large—and confusing—array of amalgamation choices. “We see packers attempt to acquisition the adapted box out of six,” says Ampuja.
To abstain these problems, abounding high-volume packing operations about-face to computer-aided carton selection, Ampuja says. Aback automation is not an option, accurate training with approved refreshers is needed.
Pitfall #3. Trying to do too abundant in too little space. Trying to do assorted tasks in bound abode may save space, but it creates inefficiencies and interferes with assignment flow, says Foote. “We accept apparent operations breadth … [packing base operators] body the box, ample it, band it, characterization it, verify it, mark it, put promotional abstracts in it, again address it out—everything abbreviate of acrimonious the order.” Yet sometimes there’s about abundant allowance for the packers to move around, she observes.
If amplitude is at a premium, abstain application bulky, changeless equipment, Foote suggests. “Some backpack stations still use chiral kraft [paper] on a cycle or balloon on a roll—essentially actual on a big stick. That takes up a lot of space.” Instead, accede allotment accessories that can chase the abettor or be pushed out of the way, like dunnage dispensers on beat accoutrements or on adaptable carts.
It’s additionally important to accumulate your abiding needs in apperception aback ambience up packing stations. Because companies generally end up abacus new accessories or carton sizes as their business grows and changes, Ampuja recommends abrogation abundant amplitude to add new packing stations or aggrandize absolute ones.
Pitfall #4: Staying with chiral processes aback automation makes sense. These days, you can buy a apparatus for about every packing base task: box makers that body a carton about an item, dunnage and abandoned ample dispensers, automatic characterization printers and applicators, box closers and sealers, and more. How do you adjudge which packing activities to handle manually, and which to automate? Aggregate and acceleration requirements are the capital considerations, says Ampuja. “If there isn’t abundant volume, again the [cost of] the accessories can’t be justified,” he says.
Complexity additionally comes into comedy here. For operations that handle ample numbers of accessories with assorted aircraft characteristics, machines that apace counterbalance and admeasurement the items and again baddest the adapted box may prove able-bodied account the cost.
Another application is the likelihood of animal absurdity and the abeyant amount of those mistakes. If your shipments crave affection checks at the packing base or you appoint acting workers to handle melancholia aggregate spikes, again absurdity ante may be unacceptably high. In these situations, automation can abate airheadedness and addition accurateness and consistency, says Martyn.
If you do use automatic equipment, accomplish abiding you’re accepting the best from it by training operators in able techniques, says Foote. It can be adamantine to about-face from chiral to automatic processes, and workers generally try to abide accomplishing some tasks by hand—a convenance that can apathetic the accomplished operation down. You may charge to argue them to let the apparatus do the assignment for them, she says.
(For a case abstraction of one aggregation that benefited from automatic packaging systems, see “Koch cranks up the volume” from the November 2008 affair of DC Velocity.)
Pitfall #5. Declining to architecture the base with the artisan in mind. You can’t acquiesce to accord abbreviate shrift to ergonomics, because you’ll put your advisers at accident of concise or alike abiding injury, Ampuja warns. An ergonomics specialist can advice you get things right, but there are astute accomplish you can booty on your own.
For example, to abate the accident of aback injuries, accomplish abiding the abstracts in your packing stations are stored at the adapted height. If your workers accept to turn, twist, bend, or ability to get at supplies, accede extending or reconfiguring the packing station. If your packers accept to body pallets, try application a scissor lift to accession or lower the bassinet so they are consistently alive at the aforementioned height.
Rotating packers to altered types of assignment so they’re not accomplishing the aforementioned repetitive motions every day is helpful, as is accouterment training on how to abstain repetitive motion injuries, Ampuja says. It’s additionally important to accept able lighting for workers to apprehend finer and conceivably a bedlam attic mat to affluence aback and leg strain. Accede what the packer does afterwards the box is packed: Does he or she accept to backpack the box—which may now be at best weight—more than a few paces, lift it high, or abode it bottomward low? If so, accede application carts or conveyors to move boxes to the aircraft area.
One generally disregarded aspect of packing base architecture is the charge to board workers of all sizes. It’s accepted to see packing stations that are adequate for alpine men but are physically arduous for their beneath counterparts. “It’s important to set it up for the boilerplate acme of your workers, not for the acme of the being who’s designing the station,” Foote cautions. She encourages companies to accept “flexibility aural reason”—using tables and dispensers that acquiesce packers to acclimatize heights and angles as needed.
Teach them right As important as it may be, acceptable packing base architecture can alone go so far against optimizing operations. The added allotment of the blueprint is training packers to do their jobs properly.
As an archetype of one way to go about it, Ampuja cites the case of a agent that developed an centralized training film. Project managers interviewed packers at the company’s DCs about what formed and what didn’t, and developed a calligraphy based on their findings. The aftereffect was a blur starring one of the company’s best accomplished packers, who talked about what he does and approved “dos and don’ts.” The blur was acclimated not alone to alternation new hires but additionally as a refresher advance on best practices.
As for what abroad companies can do to bare inefficiencies in their packing operations, Ampuja offers this suggestion: “Go out and try to do that job yourself. You’ll see breadth the issues are immediately.”
Editor’s note: This is a revised adaptation of the article. It includes several paragraphs of advice that were added to the aboriginal version, which was acquaint on March 15, 2010.
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