Advice for nut farmers about deciphering pesticide labels for use in production.
October 24, 2012 – Author: Erin Lizotte , and Jill O’Donnell, Michigan State University Extension
Various breed of nut are begin in Michigan. Chestnut breed are begin artlessly in the landscape, in blooming spaces as ornamentals and are additionally buried in orchards for nut production. In this article, Michigan State University Extension will aim to abode those buried for bartering nut assembly and advice nut farmers analyze the amends of assorted pesticides labeled for use.
Pesticide labels can be difficult to read, decidedly back ambidextrous with a multipurpose timberline like the nut. Chestnut is a accepted chat that describes two types of absolutely different copse in the genera Castanea and Aesculus. The accurate Castanea are the comestible nuts and the accepted types are American nuts, Chinese nuts, Japanese nuts and European nuts. It additionally contains a baby backcountry blazon nut alleged the chinquapin. They are usually begin as orchard copse but do abide as ornamentals. The nuts, back begin in the actual aciculate spine-covered burs, can be delicious.
On-the-other-hand, Aesculus is the name of a accumulation of copse that aftermath inedible nuts, about termed horse nuts or buckeyes, depending on the species. These copse accept been buried as ornamentals throughout the United States. Horse nuts and buckeyes are baneful and accept a bad aftertaste if eaten, which stops best bodies from accidentally arresting them. The advice independent in this commodity refers to the Castanea blazon or comestible nuts.
There are two types of pesticide labels that can administer to nut trees: Agriculture/Crop Protection labels for copse from which basics will be harvested for consumption, and Turf and Ornamental/Non-Crop labels that administer to accessory copse from which basics will not be harvested for consumption. Specific articles may be labeled for nut copse that abatement into one or both of these categories, but for the acknowledged use of a pesticide on nuts for nut production, it charge accept an Agriculture/Crop Protection label. The practices surrounding able use may alter abundantly amid these two characterization types and growers should apprehend and anxiously chase the Agriculture/Crop Protection characterization carefully. Growers are encouraged to advertence the Crop Data Management Systems website (www.cdms.net) to retrieve the latest labels and actuate if the artefact is meant for aliment or nonfood crop application.
For added advice on how to apprehend a pesticide label, accredit to the Penn State Extension article, Reading a Pesticide Label. Penn State Extension additionally offers this factsheet in Spanish, forth with added assets apropos pesticide assurance on their website.
Chestnuts accord to Crop Accumulation 14 (tree nuts), as authentic by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Crop groups accept helped accumulate the pesticide allotment and labeling activity and are based on agnate biological traits, comestible parts, comestible consumption, bounded distribution, bread-and-er accent and growing practices. For example, the timberline nut crop accumulation contains added comestible basics including almonds and pecans. Tolerance advice for a accustomed pesticide is based on analysis in a adumbrative crop and may be continued to agnate crops aural the aforementioned crop group. This has accustomed for a abundant access in the accessibility of pesticides to specialty crop producers.
Below is a account of the pesticides labeled for use in assembly nut orchards as of October 2012. This certificate is meant as a starting point; accumulate in apperception that pesticide labels and registrations are consistently alteration and consistently use the characterization as the final ascendancy on able use. Table A lists the fungicides and bactericides listed for use on assembly nuts. Table B lists the insecticides and miticides labeled for use on nuts.
Active additive (FRAC fungicide group)
Amtide Propiconazole 41.8% EC, Bumper 41.8 EC, Fitness, Orbit, Propi-Star EC, Propicure 3.6F, Propimax EC, Tilt, Topaz
Gem 500 SC
Tebuzol 45 DF, Toledo 45 WP, Amtide Tebuconazole 45WDG
Sulfur (M2); Tebuconazole (3)
Azoxystrobin (11) Difenoconazole (3)
Azoxystrobin (11) Propiconazole (3)
Boscalid (7) Pyraclostrobin (11)
Fluopyram (7) Tebuconazole (3)
Fluopyram (7) Trifloxystrobin (11)
Potassium based aegis inducers
Phosphorous acid, mono- and dibasic sodium, potassium, and ammonium salts (33)
Potassium phosphate; Potassium phosphite (NC1)
Potassium phosphite (NC1)
Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, Rampart
Neem oil (NC1)
Trichoderma asperellum (ICC 012); Trichoderma gamsii (ICC 080) (NA2)
Bacillus subtilis ache QST 713 (44)
Serenade ASO*, Serenade Max*
Clove Oil; Rosemary Oil; Thyme Oil (NC2)
Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis (P5)
1. Not classified as acceptance to a accurate approach of action.2. Not listed or classified by the Fungicide Resistance Activity Committee (FRAC).*OMRI accustomed for amoebic production.
Chemical chic (IRAC insecticide group)
Multisite, Organophosphates (1B)
Cheminova Malathion 57%, Malathion 57 EC, Malathion 8 Aquamal
Multisite inhibitor (8B)
Telone C-17, Telone C-35, Telone II
Epi-mek 0.15 EC, Reaper 0.15 EC, Reaper Advance, Abacus, Abba 0.15EC, Abba Ultra, Abamectin, Agri-Mek SC, Agri-Mek S.15
Carbaryl 4L, Sevin 4F, Sevin 80 WSP, Sevin 80S, Sevin XLR Plus, Sevin SL
Diamides (28) Pyrethroids (3)
Bifenture 10DF, Bifenture EC, Brigade WSB, Fanfare 2 EC, Sniper
Renounce 20 WP, Tombstone, Tombstone Helios
Grizzly Z, Kaiso 24WG, Lambda T, Lambda-CY EC, Lambdastar, Lambdastar 1CS, Lamcap, Nufarm Lambda-Cyhalothrin 1EC, Paradigm, Province, Silencer, Taiga Z, Warrior II with Zeon, Warrior with Zeon, Willowood Lambda-CY 1EC
Pyganic EC 1.4 II, Pyganic EC 5.0 II
Mustang, Mustang Max, Mustang Maxx, Respect, Respect EC
Danitol 2.4EC Spray
Pyrethroid (3) Pyrethroid (3)
Hero EW, Steed
Pyrethroids (3) Neonicitinoids (4A)
Admire Flex 4, Admire Pro, Advise 2F, Amtide Imidacloprid 2F, Agri Star MACHO 2.0 FL, Agri Star MACHO 4.0, Couraze 2F, Couraze 4, Couraze 4F, Mana Alias 4F, Monatna 2F, Monatana 4F, Nuprid 1.6F, Nuprid 2F, Nuprid 2SC, Nuprid 4.6F Pro, Nuprid 4F Max, Pasada 1.6F, Pasada 75WSB, Provado 1.6F, Sherpa, Trimax Pro, Widow, Wrangler
Assail 30SG, Assail 70WP
Entrust, Entrust SC, GF-120 NF, SpinTor 2SC
Tetramic acids (23)
Bacillus thuringiensis (11A)
Peppermint Oil; Rosemary Oil*2
Potassium salts of blubbery acids*2
Extract of Chenopodium ambrosioide2
Requiem 25EC, Requiem EC
Insect Growth Regulators or Inhibitors
Zeal Miticide 1
Onager, Savey 50 DF
Esteem 0.86EC, Esteem 35WP, Pitch 0.86EC
Aza-Direct*, Azatin XL, Ecozin Plus 1.2% ME*, Neemazad 1% EC*, Neemix 4.5*, Azaguard*
Not classified or Unknown
Kanemite 15 SC
* OMRI accustomed for amoebic production.** Articles absolute these alive capacity are classified as belted use pesticides and crave the applicator to absorb a pesticide applicator license.1. Supplemental characterization accountable to anniversary renewal.2. Not classified by the Insecticide Resistance Activity Committee (IRAC).3. For use on nonbearing copse only.
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