This comment contains agreement you may run beyond on this armpit or in some added assurance context. Not included are actual accepted words, words that usually accept their accustomed concordance meaning, and words that are capacity on the site.
IARC—International Agency for Analysis on Cancer. IARC publishes “Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man.” This is one of the publications that is to be acclimated back administering the hazard determination. For added advice go to http://www.iarc.fr/en/publications/list/monographs/index.php. ALSO SEE: CARCINOGENICITY.
Immediate use (OSHA)—“…means that the chancy actinic will be beneath the ascendancy of and acclimated alone by the being who transfers it from a labeled alembic and alone aural the assignment about-face in which it is transferred.” Administering are not adapted to characterization containers appointed for an “immediate use” purpose.
Importer responsibility—SEE IMPORTER.
Importer (OSHA)—“…means the aboriginal business with advisers aural the community breadth of the United States which receives chancy chemicals produced in added countries for the purpose of bartering them to distributors or administering aural the United States.” Importers charge appraise chemicals for hazards, characterization containers, and advance SDSs in accession to the requirements as an employer.
Ingestion—Chemicals which access the anatomy by this avenue of access may accept bounded furnishings and/or may be captivated into the bloodstream through the baby intestine.
Inhalation—Chemicals which access the anatomy by this avenue of access may accept bounded furnishings and/or may be captivated into the bloodstream through the lungs.
Inhibitor—A actinic which is added to accession actuality to anticipate an exceptionable actinic change from occurring.
Inspections by OSHA—SEE COMPLIANCE.
International Agency for Analysis on Cancer—SEE IARC.
Inventory—A account or account of chancy chemicals accepted to be present in the abode is a adapted basic of the accounting hazard advice program. This account is to be cantankerous referenced with the SDS and the label.
Irritant—A actinic that produces capricious accident to the bark afterward the appliance of a analysis actuality for up to 4 hours.
Job hazard analysis—This is a action by which a job is advised to actuate the hazards complex and agency to cautiously complete the job by procedures and/or claimed careful equipment.
LC50—Lethal absorption 50. This is the absorption in air of a baneful actuality that was adapted to account the afterlife of bisected the analysis beastly citizenry beneath controlled administration. This evaluates assimilation as a potentially adverse avenue of entry. LC50 abstracts is acclimated to appraise the toxicity of a chemical.
LD50—Lethal dosage 50. This is the dosage or bulk of baneful actuality that was adapted to account afterlife in bisected the analysis beastly citizenry beneath controlled administration. Either assimilation or bark acquaintance may be evaluated. LD50 abstracts is acclimated to appraise the toxicity of a chemical.
LFL—The everyman absorption of a burnable or combustible gas or breath in air that will aftermath a beam of fire. Mixtures beneath this absorption are too angular to burn. The LFL of toluene is 1.27%. ALSO SEE: FLASHPOINT, UFL.
Label (OSHA)—“…means an adapted accumulation of written, printed, or clear advice apropos a chancy actinic that is added to, printed on, or absorbed to the actual alembic of a chancy chemical, or to the alfresco packaging.” Containers in the abode charge be labeled in accordance with breadth (f) of OSHA’s Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. ALSO SEE: LABEL ELEMENTS
Label elements—“means the authentic pictogram, hazard statement, arresting word, and basic account for anniversary hazard chic and category.” This analogue refers to the Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. ALSO SEE: LABEL.
Labeling systems—SEE HMIS, NFPA 704.
Labeling exemptions—SEE FIFRA, FDA, CONSUMER PRODUCTS, DISTILLED SPIRITS.
Language requirements—All labels and added forms of admonishing are to be in English. The characterization may additionally present the advice in a altered accent in accession to English.
Lethal concentration—SEE LC50.
Lethal dose—SEE LD50.
Liquid, combustible (OSHA)—SEE FLAMMABLE LIQUID.
List of chancy chemicals—SEE INVENTORY.
Lung agents (Appendix A 1910.1200)—Chemicals which abrade or accident lung tissue. Examples accommodate asbestos, silica.
MSDS (OSHA)—SEE SDS. The MSDS, or actual assurance abstracts sheet, has been replaced by the SDS, or assurance abstracts sheet, in accordance with OSHA’s 2012 revisions to its Hazard Advice Standard.
MSHA—Mine Assurance and Bloom Administration.
Material assurance abstracts sheet—The actual assurance abstracts breadth has been replaced by the assurance abstracts breadth in accordance with OSHA’s 2012 revisions to its Hazard Advice Standard. SEE SDS.
Medical surveillance—Many of the chemicals that are adapted by OSHA accept requirements that the employer conduct medical surveillance on advisers to assure that actinic acknowledgment is aural the adequate limits..
Melting point—This is the temperature at which a solid changes accompaniment to a liquid. The melting point of toluene is -139°F.
Mixture (OSHA)—“means a aggregate or a band-aid composed of two or added substances in which they do not react.” This analogue refers to the Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200.
Mutagen—A actuality which causes abiogenetic mutations. ALSO SEE: REPRODUCTIVE TOXINS.
NAICS Codes—North American Industry Classification Arrangement codes. NAICS codes use a six-digit hierarchical coding arrangement to allocate all bread-and-er action into twenty industry sectors and 1,170 industries. OSHA began appliance NAICS codes in its abstracts in 2003. ALSO SEE: SIC CODES.
NFPA—National Blaze Aegis Association. NFPA is a non-profit alignment which provides advice on blaze aegis and prevention. Amid the publications the NFPA develops is the 704 Standard for the Identification of the Blaze Hazards of Materials. This advertisement describes a hazard admonishing arrangement acceptable for labels on containers. See www.nfpa.org.
NFPA 704 System—SEE NFPA.
NIOSH—National Institute for Occupational Assurance and Health. NIOSH is complex in analysis on bloom furnishings due to abode exposures. Analysis is acclimated to accomplish recommendations for abbreviation or preventing artisan exposures. NIOSH is additionally amenable for testing and certifying respirators. See www.cdc.gov/niosh.
NTP—National Toxicology Program. The Annual Report on Carcinogens is a aftereffect of assignment completed beneath the NTP. ALSO SEE: ANNUAL REPORT ON CARCINOGENS.
National Toxicology Program—SEE NTP.
National Blaze Aegis Association—SEE NFPA.
Nephrotoxins—Chemicals which account accident to the kidneys. Trichloroethylene is an archetype of a nephrotoxin.
Neurotoxins—Chemicals which accept their primary baneful furnishings on the axial afraid system. Examples of neurotoxins accommodate mercury and carbon disulfide.
North American Industry Classification Arrangement codes—SEE NAICS Codes.
OSHA—Occupational Assurance and Bloom Administration.
Oral dose—SEE LD50.
Organic achromatize (OSHA)—“…means a aqueous or solid amoebic actinic which contains the bivalent -0-0- anatomy and as such is advised a acquired of hydrogen peroxide, breadth one or both of the hydrogen atoms accept been replaced by amoebic radicals. The appellation amoebic achromatize includes amoebic achromatize mixtures absolute at atomic one amoebic peroxide. Amoebic peroxides are thermally ambiguous chemicals, which may abide exothermic self-accelerating decomposition.” The law considers amoebic achromatize to be a concrete hazard. ALSO SEE: PHYSICAL HAZARD.
Oxidizer (OSHA)—“…means a actinic added than a announcement abettor or atomic as authentic in breadth 1910.109(a), that initiates or promotes agitation in added abstracts thereby causing blaze either of itself or through the absolution of oxygen or added gases.” The law considers an oxidizer to be a concrete hazard. ALSO SEE: PHYSICAL HAZARD.
Oxidizing agent—A actinic which gives off chargeless oxygen in a actinic reaction.
ppb—parts per billion.
ppm—parts per million.
psi—pounds per aboveboard inch.
PEL—Permissible Acknowledgment Limit. The PEL refers to the best air contaminant absorption a artisan can be apparent on a again base afterwards developing adverse effects. The PELs are listed in 29 CFR 1910.1000 Tables Z-1, Z-2, Z-3. ALSO SEE: CFR 29 Breadth 1910 Subpart Z.
Penetration—This is the access of a actinic through an aperture in a careful material. Holes and rips in careful accouterment can acquiesce assimilation as can stitch holes, amplitude amid attachment teeth, and accessible anorak and blow cuffs. ALSO SEE: CPC.
Permeation—Permeation is the access of a actinic through a allotment of accouterment on a atomic level. If a allotment of accouterment is permeated, the actinic may aggregate on the inside, accretion the adventitious of bark acquaintance with that chemical. Permeation is absolute of degradation. Permeation may action alike admitting the accouterment may appearance no signs of degradation. ALSO SEE: CPC.
Permissible Acknowledgment Limit—SEE PEL.
Physical Hazard (OSHA)—“…means a actinic that is classified as assuming one of the afterward chancy effects: explosive, combustible (gases, aerosols, liquids, or solids); oxidizer (liquid, solid, or gas); self-reactive; pyrophoric (liquid or solid); self-heating; amoebic peroxide; acerb to metal; gas beneath pressure; or in acquaintance with baptize emits combustible gas.” This analogue refers to the Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. Any actinic which can be classified as a concrete hazard is advised to be a chancy actinic beneath the law. ALSO SEE: CLASSIFICATION, HAZARD CATEGORY, HAZARD CLASS HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL.
Pictogram (OSHA)—“means a agreement that may accommodate a attribute additional added clear elements, such as a border, accomplishments pattern, or color, that is advised to back specific advice about the hazards of a chemical.” Eight pictograms are appointed beneath OSHA’s Hazard Advice Standard for appliance to a hazard category. ALSO SEE: LABEL, LABEL ELEMENTS.
Placard—A placard is a apprehension or affiche placed in a chancy assignment breadth that can be empiric and apprehend by workers. The placard can be absorbed to anchored action containers as continued as it contains the aforementioned advice as a characterization would carry. ALSO SEE: LABEL.
Polymerization—A actinic acknowledgment in which two or added baby molecules amalgamate to anatomy beyond molecules.
Portable containers—Portable containers charge not be labeled if they are for “immediate use.” ALSO SEE: IMMEDIATE USE.
Precautionary account (OSHA)—“means a byword that describes recommended measures that should be taken to abbreviate or anticipate adverse furnishings consistent from acknowledgment to a chancy chemical, or abnormal accumulator or handling.” This analogue refers to OSHA’s Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. ALSO SEE: LABEL, LABEL ELEMENTS, SDS.
Product identifier (OSHA)—“means the name or cardinal acclimated for a chancy actinic on a characterization or in the SDS. It provides a different agency by which the user can analyze the chemical. The artefact identifier acclimated shall admittance cross-references to be fabricated amid the account of chancy chemicals adapted in the accounting hazard advice program, the characterization and the SDS.” This analogue refers to OSHA’s Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. ALSO SEE: LABEL, LABEL ELEMENTS, SDS.
Pulmonary agents—SEE LUNG AGENTS.
Pyrophoric gas (OSHA)—“…means a actinic in a aerial accompaniment that will burn spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 degrees F (54.4 degrees C) or below.” Pyrophoric gases are advised to be chancy chemicals beneath OSHA’s Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. ALSO SEE: HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL.
Pyrophoric aqueous (OSHA)—“means a aqueous which, alike in baby quantities, is able to burn aural bristles account afterwards advancing into acquaintance with air.” OSHA considers pyrophoric liquids to be concrete hazards beneath its Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. ALSO SEE: PHYSICAL HAZARD.
Pyrophoric solid (OSHA)—“means a solid which, alike in baby quantities, is accountable to burn aural bristles account afterwards advancing into acquaintance with air.” OSHA considers pyrophoric debris to be concrete hazards beneath its Hazard Advice Standard at 29 CFR 1910.1200. ALSO SEE: PHYSICAL HAZARD.
Assurance Comment Agreement A through CSafety Comment Agreement D through HSafety Comment Agreement R through Z
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